J. Marshall Jenkins

Author, Therapist, Spiritual Director

Three Dimensions of Peace & Peacemaking


Dimensions of peacemaking depend on how you use walls and doors.

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God (Matthew 5:9).

You want peace.  I want peace.

But we disagree on what it looks like.  You fear that if you concede anything to my peace program, you will slide down a slippery slope into my version of peace, which looks rotten to you.  I fear that if I concede anything to your peace program, those who agree with me will call me a traitor, and our division will defeat us.  So we dig in our heels.  No peace.

Sound like Washington?  Your workplace?  Church?  Family?  It’s everywhere.  And I don’t think ideas and distinctions alone will resolve it.  But neither do I think we can get a civil start without better understanding peace.

So let me propose a scheme.

Peace has three dimensions.  People often operate with one or two of them, but meaningful, sustainable peacemaking requires all three.

The most basic of the dimensions is the absence of conflict.  If we can get the Republicans and Democrats, evangelicals and progressives, or husband and wife to stop fighting, all will be well.  We just want calm.  When negotiations fail – as they often do between parties with different visions of peace — we take a vacation, watch TV, or bolt down an extra scotch.

We cannot sustain this dimension alone without violence – the opposite of peace.  If I don’t want you to bother me, I use personal, economic, or martial force to forge a wall.  Complete success entails going through my days unconscious that you exist, rendering you invisible.  Most people don’t move beyond this.

So define peace with another dimension:  Interdependent relationships between people seeking harmony. Peacemaking then requires building bridges.  Then reach out to the other with kindness and win-win solutions.  That may finish the job, building community and keeping conflict at bearable levels.

However, this approach risks conflict and requires much courage.  My enemy may crush my outstretched hand, or my allies may desert me.  Nonviolent resistance embraces this risk.  But what if this suffering drains the bridge-builder of all strength, hope, and sanity?  This approach takes time and patience.

How can a peacemaker endure?

Ironically, the needed third dimension brings us back to walls.  Peacemakers need space and time for retreat.  They need arms into which to fall, let down their guard, and receive.

Peacemaking does not always destroy walls but deems them dispensable.  At the one-dimensional level that only wants lack of conflict, we cling to walls for dear life, preserving hope for splendid isolation.  More mature peacemakers keep in mind the proper purpose of walls, using them to make a place of replenishment and prayer before returning to the fray.

“But now more than ever the word about Jesus spread abroad; many crowds would gather to hear him and to be cured of their diseases. But he would withdraw to deserted places and pray” (Luke 5:15-16).  Jesus refused the dream of splendid isolation and called us to follow him.

J. Marshall Jenkins

About J. Marshall Jenkins

J. Marshall Jenkins is an author, psychotherapist, teacher, and spiritual director. For several years he has been writing on the Beatitudes for people in emotional pain, publishing biweekly here on his Beatitudes Blog at http://www.jmarshalljenkins.com. His newest book, Blessed at the Broken Places: Reclaiming Faith and Hope with the Beatitudes, is now available through Amazon and Barnes & Noble.


When you sign up to receive my blog posts by email, I will send you a free digital copy of the Introduction & Study guide to my new book Blessed at the Broken Places.

Enter your email address below to get started!

2 Replies

  1. Mike Sease

    Your work on the Beatitudes intrigues me… especially since reading the late Dallas Willard’s ideas on the same in The Divine Conspiracy

    1. J. Marshall Jenkins

      I agree with Willard that reading the Beatitudes is not about finding a list of new works to do to earn righteousness! But unlike Willard, I see them as virtues that Jesus blesses. Rather than virtues we must strive to achieve in order to earn salvation, they are virtues woven into our natures by grace as creatures formed in the image of God. They come to light as we faithfully work through the inevitable suffering of a loving life in radical dependence on God (poverty of spirit). In the Beatitudes, Jesus validates our faith amid suffering. My book Blessed at the Broken Places: Reclaiming Faith & Purpose with the Beatitudes develops this perspective for each Beatitude based on scripture and personal experience.

      My take on interpreting the Beatitudes is not the only helpful one. There are other valid layers of interpretation of the Beatitudes, e.g., characteristics of Christ or of citizens of the kingdom, qualities of a nonviolent, countercultural lifestyle of love, etc. The Beatitudes are like a diamond with many facets, and we need not argue excessively about the one right way to read them. Like the facets of a diamond, many interpretations shed light on other good interpretations. But I don’t accept every interpretation of the Beatitudes, and while I think Willard makes some very instructive comments, I think his chapter on it misses much of the substance by denying that they bless virtues (see especially pages 116-119 of his chapter in Divine Conspiracy, “Who Is Really Well Off — the Beatitudes”).

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.